Variants of Bar030 ~ The Opening of the Liverpool and Birmingham Railway

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Variants of Bar030 ~ The Opening of the Liverpool and Birmingham Railway

vs001.opening.png

A drawing by John Cooke Bourne from a collection of views on the construction of the London & Birmingham Railway. The rural setting suggests that this depicts either the opening of the section from Euston the Hemel Hempstead in 1837 or the temporary arrangements made for the coronation of Queen Victoria

Historical Context

This set of variants show how a ballad could move around the country in a relatively short space of time and that printers took the opportunity to copy and resell broadsides with minimal alteration. The variations in the texts are described below.
Several railways were opened during the late 1830s. The following chronology lists events that enable discussion of the history of these variants.

9th March 1835 -  Newcastle and Carlisle Railway opened from Hexham to Blaydon. This is the subject of Bar272~The Newcastle and Carlisle Railway, A New song. See Narrative Set NS001~Newcastle and Carlisle Railway

1st March 1837 - Newcastle and Carlisle Railway opened from Derwenthaugh to Redheugh. References to ‘the Queen’ in both Bar350 and Bar502 exclude the possibility that either of these were the original texts.

20th June 1837 – Victoria became Queen

28th June 1837 – Victoria crowned.

4th July 1837 – Birmingham and Liverpool Railway opened. Bar030~A New Song on the Opening of the Birmingham and Liverpool Railway is almost certainly the original song. It was printed in Birmingham and correctly cites 4th of July as the day the line opened. It uses the local vocabulary to refer to towns in the area:  “Hampton” (Wolverhampton), and “Wedgbury” (Wednesbury).

20th July 1837 – The first section of the London and Birmingham Railway opened from Euston to Hemel Hempstead (i) This may have been the event that prompted the printing of Bar301 ~ Opening of the New Railway in London The use of Midland geography given in Bar030 and the misspelling of Bilston as Bilstos suggest that this is a copy of Bar030.  The printer James Catnach was famous for the speed with which he could produce copies newly published work. In 1820, he produced a pirate copy of the first instalment of Pierce Egan’s ‘History of Tom and Jerry; or the day and night scenes of life in London’ less than 12 hours after it was published. (ii)  The 15 days between the opening of the Liverpool-Birmingham on 4th of July and the opening of the first section of the London-Birmingham on 20th would have been more than sufficient for his purposes; even if we allow five days for a copy of the source ballad to be carried from Birmingham to London. The stage coach did the journey in one or two days 

18th June 1838 – First train ran the full length of the Newcastle and Carlisle Railway. This is almost certainly the event that prompted the printing of both Bar350~The Railway and Bar502~The Newcastle and Carlisle Railway.

17th September 1838 – London and Birmingham Railway officially opened. This would have been a second opportunity to sell copies of  Bar301 ~ Opening of the New Railway and it may have been this rather than the opening of the Euston the Hemel section that prompted its printing.

21st June 1839 – The Newcastle and North Shields Railway opened.  This may be the event that prompted the printing of bar350 ~ The Railway. Alternativley, it would have provided a second opportunity to sell copies of a broadside printed for the opeining of the Newcastle and Carlisle in the previous year.

1839 – Sunderland was connected to Durham in 1839 and thereby gained a rail route to London. (iv) . This may be the event that prompted the printing in Sunderland of Bar269 ~ The New London Railway however, more information about the history of railway construction in the area is required before a more reliable estimate of the date can be made.


The Songs

All the variants retain notable features.

  • The chorus ‘You may travel by steam, so the folks say /  All over the world, upon the Railway’ is common to all with the minor difference that the chorus of Bar030 runs ‘You may travel by steam, or so the folks say’. All the variants will fit the tune suggested for Bar030.
  • They all make reference to "tunnels for miles you have to go through". Before railway travel, bargees were the only people familiar with travelling through tunnels. The excitement associated with travelling through tunnels is the subject of railway songs into to the 20th century.

 

Bar030~A New Song on the Opening of the Birmingham and Liverpool Railway. All the evidence points to this as being the original song from which the variants are derived.

Bar301 ~ Opening of the New Railway was printed in London misspells Bilston as “Bilstos”. The use of Midland geography and the erroneous spelling of Bilston suggest that this is a copy of Bar030.

The first verse mentions flying:

Now folks I will tell you although I’m no clown / By steam you may ride with speed up and down
Now that’s all the go, and I’ll tell you for why / The people are eager for to learn to fly

This may be an allusion to the feats of the pioneer balloonist Charles Green(1) who made 200 ascents between 1821 and 1835. In 1836, he set a major long distance record in the balloon "Royal Vauxhall", flying overnight from Vauxhall Gardens in London to Weilburg in Germany a distance of 480 miles (770 km). (iii)  

In order to take advantage of the traffic generated by the coronation of Queen Victoria the company opened the north end of the line, between Birmingham and Rugby, and the south end from London to a temporary station at Denbigh Hall near Bletchley (~40 miles) with a stagecoach shuttle service linking the two parts to allow through journeys to London. (iv)  so the broadside may have been printed for that occasion.

This variant omits  the verse 

The cobbler left the old shoes in the shop / Old men on crutches were seen for to hop
The tailor his customers would not obey / But rode on his goose to see the railway

But adds three verses not found in Bar030, about the Birmingham and Liverpool Railway.

What a treat for young lovers to see Gretna Green / The blacksmith will tie the not (sic) for them by steam
With his hammer and anvil he’ll make them obey / And pack them off snugly upon the railway.

Talk of ships on the sea – that is all stuff / By water or land you may ride far enough
If you have got money, your passage to pay / You may ride far and near upon the railway

To see them come in how the people do flock / To accommodate all there’s lots of fine pop
And the ladies dress’d up in their costume so fine / Partake of good ale and whiskey so fine.

269 ~ The New London Railway Was printed in Sunderland. It repeats the misspelling of “Bilston” as “Bilstos” found in Bar301 and introduces a new error; spelling “Wedgebury” as “Wedgeburry”. Spelling changes aside, the text is identical to that of Bar301.

350~The Railway changes “Black Sal from Walsall” to “Black Sal from Sandgate”; suggesting that the song was probably printed in the Newcastle area. A new character called “Mrs Bustlerump” is introduced”

How pleasant it is to see them indeed
The long train of carriages go with such speed
O dear Mrs Bustlerump, here is your daughter
She will be ruu (sic) over with the boiling hot water

Several lines were opened between 1837 and 1839 so the broadside may have been sold to celebrate one or more of the events.The line was extended Scotswood to a Newcastle terminal in 1839 and eventually reached Newcastle Central station in 1851 (v)  leaving open the possibility that it was printed for one of those two occasions. The opening of Newcastle Central Station in 1850 is the subject of Bar645 ~ The Queen’s Second Visit

Bar502 ~ The Newcastle and Carlisle Railway printed by Stephenson of Gateshead is almost identical to Bar350 save for the fact that the verse referring to Mrs Bustlerump is not included

 

References:

(i) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_and_Birmingham_Railway
(ii) Hindley, Charles;  The Life and Times of James Catnach : (late of Seven Dials), ballad monger
(iii) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Green_(balloonist)
(iv) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/London_and_Birmingham_Railway
(iv) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durham_railway_station
(
v) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Newcastle_%26_Carlisle_Railway

Sources (texts, music) & Publishing data

Click to show Sources etc
Parsed Title

Find Song in Category :

1st Song Title Category Path BarNum
A: A Custom House Breeze steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-english-channel bar733
A: A-Working on the Railway railways/railway-workers/porters-and-other-station-staff bar015
A: Absent Minded Ganger railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar566
A: Absent-Minded Chairman railways/trades-unions-politics bar568
A: Advent of the Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway advent-of-the-railway
A: Aerial Steam Party fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar163
A: Age of New Inventions steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/other-seagoing-vessels bar621
A: Albion Mills On Fire industry/other-industry bar004
A: Albion Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar705
A: All Change for LLanfairfechan railways/railway-workers/porters bar005
A: Appeal to Non-Society Men, An railways/trades-unions-politics bar007
A: Are You Good Natured Dear steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 bar008
A: Ariadne Steam Packet steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-english-channel bar034
A: Awful boiler explosion at Bing textiles bar012
A: Awful catastrophe at the Clayt railways/accidents-and-disasters bar013
A: Awful Railway Accident Between railways/accidents-and-disasters bar014
B: Baker's Glory, or The Conflagr industry/other-industry bar508
B: Battle Fought On The Shields R railways/station-life bar021a
B: Battle Fought On The Shields R railways/passenger-experience bar021
B: Battle Fought On The Shields R railways/passenger-experience bar021copy
B: Beeching and After railways/railways-after-1845/beeching-and-after od027
B: Behind Time railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bar694
B: Betty Martin Or The Steam Loo textiles bar026
B: Bill's Length railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar693
B: Birmingham And Liverpool Railw railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar030a
B: Bishopsgate Depot Fire railways/railway-workers/porters-and-other-station-staff bar658
B: Blinky is Driving Tonight railways/railway-workers/drivers bar033
B: Blood on the Wheel railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bar692
B: Boat That First Brought Me Ove steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-irish-sea bar751
B: Bob Cruikshanks railways/railway-workers/drivers bar691
B: Bob the Groom roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar036
B: Bobby Walkstraight's Visit to steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-great-eastern bar101
B: Bold English Navvy railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar513
B: Bowling Railway railways/passenger-experience bar040
B: Bradshaw's Guide railways/passenger-experience bar041
B: Branch Lines railways/railways-after-1845/branch-lines od026
B: Brief Respite railways/trades-unions-politics bar567
B: Brighton Railway railways/passenger-experience bar045
B: Brighton Steam Packet steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-english-channel bar046
B: Bubbles of 1825 fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar507
B: Burning of the Albion Mills 17 narrative-sets ns011
B: Burning of the Montreal steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar048
C: Cabman's Railway Yarn, The railways/railway-workers/drivers bar049
C: Calais Packet, The steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-english-channel bar050
C: Camborne Hill od014-steam-coaches bar051
C: Carters and Railway Servants S railways/trades-unions-politics bar052
C: Changes on the Tyne, The railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-towns bar054
C: Charitable Steam to the Nore steam-ships-and-boats/holidays-and-excursions-water bar616
C: Charming Young Widow I Met in railways/passenger-experience bar520
C: Charming Young Widow I Met on railways/passenger-experience bar058
C: Cheap Excursion Train, The railways/holidays-excursions-by-rail bar059
C: Children's Games etc. children/childrens-games od0057
C: Clyde Steam Boats 1818 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar666
C: Clyde Steam Boats 1819 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar667
C: Coal colliery-railways od034
C: Cockneys Trip To Brummagem, Th railways/holidays-excursions-by-rail bar061
C: Collier Lass (The) colliery-railways bar504
C: Collision of Dublin and Belfas steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar592
C: Connaughtman's Adventures in D od014-steam-coaches bar613
C: Conveyancing od014-steam-coaches bar729
C: Cotton Spinners From Mancheste textiles bar070
D: Dan O'Connell or Morris O'Donn fantasy-metaphor bar073
D: Danger Signal railways/railway-workers/signalmen bar074
D: Daniel O'Connell's Steam Engin fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar075
D: Dashing Steam-Loom Weaver textiles bar079
D: Death and His Brother, Sleep od052 bar081
D: Death of John Thomas Hirst railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bar743
D: Derivatives of the Cork Leg {R fantasy-metaphor/fantasy ds0001
D: Derwent Wagons railways/railway-workers/porters-and-other-station-staff bar578
D: Dirge of the Dragsman roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar626
D: Disaster at Elliot Junction 28 railways/accidents-and-disasters/train-crashes bar086
D: Dover Steam Packet, The steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-english-channel bar089
D: Down By the Dark Arches railways/station-life bar090
D: Dr Beeching railways/trades-unions-politics bar092
D: Dreadful Accident to the Irish railways/accidents-and-disasters/train-crashes bar094
D: Dreadful Loss Of The Northflee steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar362
D: Dreadful shipwreck of the Nort steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar612
D: Driver of the Train, The railways/railway-workers/drivers bar097
D: Drivers railways/railway-workers/drivers od036
D: Drowning of the Northfleet Imm steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar639
D: Dublin Steam Coach od014-steam-coaches bar099
D: Dudley Station railways/station-life bar537
D: Dumbarton Castle Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar706
D: Duncan Weir railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar690
E: Eagle Steam Packet, the; or, a steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/other-seagoing-vessels bar106
E: Economies With Lights railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar102
E: Elwy Steamer steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 bar105
E: Engine Driver's Story, A Thril railways/railway-workers/drivers bar108
E: Engine Driver's Story, The railways/railway-workers/drivers bar109
E: Epitaph on a Deceased Railwaym railways/trades-unions-politics bar368
E: Everyone to Their Liking steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-english-channel bar728
E: Excursion to Putney steam-ships-and-boats/impact-of-steam-on-water-transport bar112
E: Extemporare Stanza steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar714
F: Fall of Tay Bridge railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar660
F: Falmouth Railway Share Broker railways/railway-mania bar119
F: Fantasy fantasy-metaphor/fantasy od010
F: Fireman's Growl, The railways/railway-workers/firemen-guards bar122
F: Firemen & Guards railways/railway-workers/firemen-guards od037
F: First Break railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bat747
F: First Foot railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bar746
F: First Reactions to the Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway od016
F: Five O'Clock in the Morning colliery-railways bar370
F: Flashie Steam-loom Weaver textiles bar128
F: Foster's Mill textiles bar285
F: Foundering of the Hibernia, steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar130
F: Four songs about the Opening o newcastle-and-carlisle-railway-ns001 ns001
F: Frauds miscellaneous/frauds od051
F: From Peter Strongbow, New York steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar056
F: Funny Doings at New Brighton steam-ships-and-boats/holidays-and-excursions-water bar655
G: Gallant Twain, The railways/accidents-and-disasters/train-crashes bar581
G: George Stephenson roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar535
G: Give Me A Ticket To Heaven fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar134
G: Glasgow and Ayr Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar135
G: Glasgow is Improving Daily railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-towns bar136
G: Glasgow Religion steam-ships-and-boats/holidays-and-excursions-water bar738
G: Golden Stones of London steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar652
G: Good Old Days of Adam & Eve (1 industry/other-industry bar019
G: Good Old Days of Adam and Eve, general bar138
G: Grace Darling steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire bar518
G: Grace Darling (Poem by McGonag steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire bar649
G: Grace Darling (Roud 3811) steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire bar517
G: Grace Darling (Roud V3151) steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire bar519
G: Grace Darling (Roud V3152) steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire bar496
G: Grace Darling and the S. S. Fo steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire ns003
G: Grace Darling or the Wreckers steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire bar497
G: Gravesend Steamer steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar633
G: Great Britain Ashore steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/ss-great-britain bar100
G: Great Britain Stuck in the Mud steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/ss-great-britain bar510
G: Great Eastern Steamship steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-great-eastern bar727
G: Great Western Rail Road, The railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar141
G: Great Western, The steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/other-seagoing-vessels bar142
G: Greenock Railway ('Twas on a M railways/passenger-experience bar146
G: Greenock Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar711
G: Grimshaw's Factory Fire textiles bar509
H: Halifax Thornton and Keighley railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside bar148
H: Handloom versus Powerloom textiles bar149
H: Hanes y Llong a Elwid Llundain steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london bar529
H: Haswell Cages colliery-railways bar151
H: Have You Seen the Great Easter steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-great-eastern bar726
H: Hetton Coals colliery-railways bar153
H: Hey! Ho! Can't you Hear the St steam-ships-and-boats/holidays-and-excursions-water bar154
H: High Shields Goods Yard Lights railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar569
H: History o' Haworth Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar156
H: Holidays & Excursions by Boat steam-ships-and-boats/holidays-and-excursions-water od035
H: Holidays & Excursions by Rail railways/holidays-excursions-by-rail od030
H: Hop De Dooden Doo steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-great-eastern bar657
H: Howdon For Jarrow, Loup Out! railways/passenger-experience bar538
H: Humble Heroes railways/accidents-and-disasters/train-crashes bar571
H: Husbands Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 bar754
I: I Stand and Watch the Trains G railways/railway-workers/drivers bar465
I: Impact of Railways on the Coun railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside od022
I: Impact of Railways on Towns railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-towns od021
I: Impact of Steam on Horse Trans roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport od015
I: Impact of Steam on Rural Life rural/impact-of-steam-on-rural-life od048
I: Impact of Steam on Water Trans steam-ships-and-boats/impact-of-steam-on-water-transport od038
I: In The Signal Box railways/railway-workers/signalmen bar178
I: Iron Horse, The railways/passenger-experience bar184
I: Isabella the Barber's Daughter steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 bar634
I: Islington Taylor, The Or The fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar187
I: It Was In the Queen's County railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar598
I: Items For Children children/items-for-children od0058
J: Jeames of Buckley Square railways/railway-mania bar553
J: Jessie the Belle at the Bar railways/station-life bar193
J: Jim Crow's Description Of The railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar359
J: Jim Dally railways/railway-workers/drivers bar688
J: Jim's Whistle railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar687
J: Joan o' Grinfield textiles bar198
J: Jobson's Blunders, or Gas and steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar195
J: John Bull's Railway Station fantasy-metaphor/metaphorical bar196
J: John Gilpin's Steam Coach Excu od014-steam-coaches bar197
J: Johnny Green's Trip Fro' Owdhu textiles bar199
J: Johnny Met Her on a Steamer steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 bar200
J: Johnny the Engine Driver railways/railway-workers/drivers bar201
J: Journey with the Railway from railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside bar203
J: Just What We'd All Like to See od052 bar547
K: Keelmen o' the Tyne steam-ships-and-boats/impact-of-steam-on-water-transport bar539
K: Kendal Fair railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside bar205
K: King Steam general bar206
K: Knott Mill Fair railways/holidays-excursions-by-rail bar668
L: Laborare Est Ovare railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bar580
L: Lady of the Lake steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/other-rivers-before-1851 bar749
L: Lamentable Lines on the Tay Br railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar210
L: Lamentation for the Loss of th steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet bar211
L: Last Train From Bacup railways/railway-workers/porters-and-other-station-staff bar213
L: Launch of the Great Britain steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/ss-great-britain bar145
L: Launch of the Great Eastern (C steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-great-eastern bar215
L: Launch of the Great Eastern (O steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-great-eastern bar216
L: Leinster Lass steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-irish-sea bar596
L: Lines on the loss of the comet steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet bar630
L: Liverpool's an Altered Town railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-towns bar503
L: Llanidloes & Newtown Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar224
L: London Emigrant Steam Ship steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london bar095
L: London sights od014-steam-coaches bar625
L: London Steamer, The steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london bar226
L: Loss of the Atlantic Mail Ship steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-wreck-of-the-atlantic bar651
L: Loss of the Comet steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet bar631
L: Loss of the Comet steam-boat. steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet bar629
L: Loss of the Forfarshire steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/grace-darling-and-the-s-s-forfarshire bar498
L: Loss of the Governor Fenner steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar231
L: Loss of the London steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london bar389
L: Loss of the London 1866 steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london ns006
L: Loss of the Princess Alice steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar734
L: Loss of the Princess Alice steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar232
L: Loss of the Princess Alice by steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar735
M: Manchester's an Altered Town railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-towns bar240
M: Margate Steam Yacht (From Lond steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar242
M: Margate Steam Yacht (Tea-Kettl steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar628
M: Marquis of Bute Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar710
M: Mean-Minded Worker general bar583
M: Modern Railway Platform railways/station-life bar576
M: More Work for the Undertaker railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar252
M: Moses Of The Mail railways/railway-workers/drivers bar253
M: My Grandfather's Days railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar260
M: My Grandfather's Days railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar542
M: My Grandfather's Days steam-power-generally bar544
N: Nail It Down railways/trades-unions-politics bar575
N: Narrative Sets info narrative-sets narrative-sets
N: National Washerwoman fantasy-metaphor/metaphorical bar721
N: Navigators, the: (Railway Make railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar335
N: Navvies railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction od007
N: Navvy Boy railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar263
N: Navvy on the Line (Bury) railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar264
N: Navy Boys, The (Paddy's Green railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar306
N: New Invented Steam Carriage od014-steam-coaches bar267
N: New London Railway, The railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar269
N: New Sang Tiv an Aad Teun steam-ships-and-boats/impact-of-steam-on-water-transport bar648
N: New Steam Carriage Blown Up, T od014-steam-coaches bar271
N: Newcastle & North Shields Rail railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar564
N: Newcastle and Carlisle Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar272
N: Newcastle And Carlisle Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar502
N: Newcastle And Shields Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar273
N: Newport Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar716
N: Nobby Waterman, The steam-ships-and-boats/impact-of-steam-on-water-transport bar279
N: North Seaton Coachman fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar593
N: Nottman railways/railway-workers/drivers bar282
N: NS002 The Opening of the Newca newcastle-and-north-shields ns002
N: NS004 ~ Peart and Dean 1898 peart-and-dean ns-004
O: Oh What a Row steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/other-rivers-before-1851 bar413
O: Old man you'll burst your boil general bar289
O: Old Wylie's Stone railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar291
O: Oldham Workshops industry/other-industry bar292
O: On the Britannia Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-irish-sea bar709
O: On the Glasgow Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar707
O: On the Neptune Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar703
O: On the Old Ellenny railways/railway-workers/porters-and-other-station-staff bar294
O: On the Sands (The weather was steam-ships-and-boats/holidays-and-excursions-water bar295
O: On the Sands (To Brighton, one railways/holidays-excursions-by-rail bar296
O: Only a Pointsman railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bar565
O: Onward ~ A Tale of the S.E. Ra railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar300
O: Opening Ceremonies railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies od012
O: Opening of the New Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar301
O: Opening of the Newcastle and C railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar643
O: Other Industry industry/other-industry od046
O: Other Metaphorical fantasy-metaphor/metaphorical od047
O: Other River Boats after 1850 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 od0056
O: Other Rivers Before 1851 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/other-rivers-before-1851 od0006
O: Other Seagoing Vessels steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/other-seagoing-vessels od042
O: Other Shipwrecks steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks od033
O: Oxford & Hampton Railway railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar302
P: Paddy From Home children/childrens-games bar303
P: Paddy on the Railway (Chorus: railways/passenger-experience bar304
P: Paddy on the Railway (Chorus: railways/passenger-experience bar534
P: Paddy's Voyage to Glasgow steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-irish-sea bar307
P: Parting, The railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar579
P: Passenger Experience railways/passenger-experience od019
P: Patent Steam Washing fantasy-metaphor bar308
P: Personal Accidents railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations od028
P: Pointsman's Story railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar723
P: Poor Paddy Works On The Railwa railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar313
P: Porter's Christmas Eve, The railways/railway-workers/porters bar314
P: Porters railways/railway-workers/porters od009
P: Post Boy Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar715
P: Present Condition of British W industry/other-industry bar316
P: Present Times steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar722
P: Preston Steam-Loom Weavers textiles bar318
P: Princess Alice Went Down steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar744
P: Public Concerns About Railway od052 od052
Q: Queen's Second Visit railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-towns bar645
R: Rail, the Rail, The railways/railway-mania bar321
R: Railroad To Hell fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar323
R: Railroad travelling or a roide railways/passenger-experience bar515
R: Railway Belle railways/railway-workers/porters-and-other-station-staff bar326
R: Railway Calls, The railways/railway-mania bar327
R: Railway Foot Warmer railways/passenger-experience bar328
R: Railway Footman railways/railway-mania bar329
R: Railway Guard, The railways/railway-workers/firemen-guards bar332
R: Railway King railways/railway-mania bar562
R: Railway Mania railways/railway-mania bar336
R: Railway Mania railways/railway-mania od020
R: Railway Omnibus miscellaneous/frauds bar337
R: Railway Porter railways/railway-workers/porters bar590
R: Railway Porter Dan railways/railway-workers/porters bar339
R: Railway Stag, the railways/railway-mania bar560
R: Railway Station Sandwich, The railways/station-life bar342
R: Railway To Heaven, The fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar343
R: Railway to Hell fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar344
R: Railway Truck railways/railway-workers/firemen-guards bar348
R: Railway Whistle or the Blessin railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar349
R: Railway, The railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies bar350
R: Railwayman's Lament railways/trades-unions-politics bar353
R: Redundant Railwayman, The railways/trades-unions-politics bar358
R: Religion & Temperance fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance od049
R: Reply to Wordsworth railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar663
R: Rid of His Engine railways/railway-workers/firemen-guards bar683
R: Riding on the District Railway railways/underground-railways bar365
R: Rival Steeds railways/railway-workers/drivers bar369
R: River Boats after 1850 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 od045
R: River Boats Before 1851 - Over steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851 od004
R: Rob Roy Steam Vessel steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-irish-sea bar669
R: Rothesay Castle Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar708
R: Rothsay Castle Shipwreck steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar489
S: S.S. Great Britain steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/ss-great-britain od053
S: Safety Cord, The od052 bar066
S: Scenes of Manchester textiles bar373
S: Scenes of Manchester railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar373a
S: Scotch Express from Ireland, T railways/railway-workers/drivers bar374
S: She Went Right Past Her Juncti railways/passenger-experience bar377
S: Shillibeers Original Omnibus v roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar378
S: Shop Windows or Amusements of steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar006
S: Shunters and Track Workers railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers od025
S: Shunting Pole Inspector railways/railway-workers/shunters-track-workers bar225
S: Signalman railways/railway-workers/signalmen bar681
S: Signalman On The Line railways/railway-workers/signalmen bar382
S: Signalmen railways/railway-workers/signalmen od023
S: Song of Steam steam-power-generally bar393
S: Song of the Railroads fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar394
S: Song Of The Steam Coachman Tha fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar395
S: Sonnet on Steam roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar732
S: Stagecoachman's Lament roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar554
S: State of Great Britain steam-ships-and-boats/impact-of-steam-on-water-transport bar399
S: State of the Times industry/other-industry bar038
S: Station and Goods Workers railways/railway-workers/porters-and-other-station-staff od024
S: Station Life railways/station-life od018
S: Steam Arm, The fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar402
S: Steam at Sheffield general bar403
S: Steam Boots fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar404
S: Steam carriages by land od014-steam-coaches bar557
S: Steam Cigar fantasy-metaphor bar405
S: Steam Coach od014-steam-coaches bar624
S: Steam Coach (2) od014-steam-coaches bar624-2
S: Steam Coach (3) od014-steam-coaches bar624-3
S: Steam Coach old od014-steam-coaches bar624-old
S: Steam Engine Coffee Grinder industry/other-industry bar540
S: Steam Ferry steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-tyne-before-1851 bar647
S: Steam Jobbing versus Greenwic steam-ships-and-boats/impact-of-steam-on-water-transport bar679
S: Steam Loom Weaver textiles bar471
S: Steam Packet (A Short farewell steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar618
S: Steam Power Generally steam-power-generally od050
S: Steam Powered Road Vehicles od014-steam-coaches od014
S: Steam Soup Or Cuckoo Jack's P miscellaneous/frauds bar415
S: Steam Tongue, The fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar417
S: Steam Tram Lines od014-steam-coaches bar418
S: Steam Watermen steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar419
S: Steam-ery steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar591
S: Steam-packet Comet, y, Can ala steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet bar527
S: Steam! Steam!! Steam!!! roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar416
S: Steamer Robert Burns steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar599
S: Stockton Bridge colliery-railways bar422
S: Stood at Clear railways/accidents-and-disasters/train-crashes bar678
S: Strike Ditties I railways/trades-unions-politics bar573
S: Strike Ditties II railways/trades-unions-politics bar574
S: Study Economy railways/railway-mania bar425
S: Sunday Steamer Emperor steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 bar426
S: Sunday Working at Cheltenham railways/trades-unions-politics bar570
T: T'mill a'll go textiles bar363
T: Taith Y Cardi O Landyssul I Lu railways/passenger-experience bar521
T: Tay Bridge railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar082
T: Tay Bridge Disaster railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar427
T: Tay Bridge Disaster (659) railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar659
T: Tay Bridge Disaster (661) railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar661
T: Tay Bridge Disaster, In Memor railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar175
T: Tay Bridge Disaster, The railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar428
T: Tay Bridge Disaster, The railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar429
T: Tay Bridge is Broken and I'm c railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster bar420
T: Textiles textiles od044
T: The Anglo-Saxon 1863 steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-anglo-saxon od0059
T: The Argyle Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar712
T: The Atlantic 1873 steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-wreck-of-the-atlantic od0054
T: The Burning of the Steamer Cit steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar610
T: The Clyde Before 1851 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 od043
T: The Comet 1825 steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet ns007
T: The Doomed Ship, Princess Alic steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar611
T: The Downward Line fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar091
T: The English Channel steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-english-channel od041
T: The First Steamers Between Lon steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851 od005
T: The Great Eastern steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-great-eastern ns010
T: The Inverary Castle Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar713
T: The Irish Harvestmen's Triumph railways/railway-workers/navvies-and-railway-construction bar524
T: The Irish Sea steam-ships-and-boats/seagoing-vessels/the-irish-sea od040
t: the miners song, down amongst colliery-railways bar421
T: The Northfleet steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet ns009
T: The President Steam Ship steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar247
T: The Princess Alice Disaster steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster od0055
T: The Railway Platform railways/station-life bar338
T: The Spiritual Railway fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar396
T: The Tay Bridge disaster 1879 railways/accidents-and-disasters/tay-bridge-disaster ns008
T: The Ten Percent Question textiles bar750
T: The Thames Before 1851 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 the-thames-before-1851
T: The Tyne Before 1851 steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-tyne-before-1851 od017
T: The Wreck of the Princess Alic steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar745
T: There and (Not) Back! steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar736
T: There's Danger on the Line fantasy-metaphor/metaphorical bar438
T: Third Class Traveller's Petiti railways/passenger-experience bar589
T: Thomas Port, Epitaph of railways/accidents-and-disasters/accidents-safety-regulations bar299
T: Thomas Scaife, epitaph of fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance bar501
T: Thoughts Suggested by the Loss steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar737
T: Three Hundred Years to Come fantasy-metaphor/fantasy bar664
t:
T: Traction Engine, The od014-steam-coaches bar444
T: Trades Unions & Politics railways/trades-unions-politics od031
T: Traffic Through the Streets od014-steam-coaches bar258
T: Train Crashes railways/accidents-and-disasters/train-crashes od029
T: Trawden Bloeberry Cake railways/holidays-excursions-by-rail bar083
T: Trip to Richmond by Water steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar619
T: Trip to the Nore, A steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-thames-before-1851 bar617
U: Uncle Ned; or the Preston Stri textiles bar662
U: Underground Railway, The railways/underground-railways bar456
U: Underground Railways railways/underground-railways od032
U: Unfortunate Victims Scalded to steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/other-shipwrecks bar602
U: Union Houses Must Come down an railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside bar458
V: Variant Set 015 ~ Railroad to fantasy-metaphor/religion-temperance vs015
V: Variant Sets index variant-sets variant-sets-index
V: Variants of Bar030 ~ The Openi railways/advent-of-the-railway/railway-opening-ceremonies vs001
W: Waiting for the Train railways/station-life bar464
W: Washerwoman's Lament industry/other-industry bar558
W: Watching The Trains Go Out railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside bar469
W: Waterloo Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-before-1851/the-clyde-before-1851 bar704
W: Watkin the Matter Be? railways/trades-unions-politics bar453
W: Weary Signalman railways/railway-workers/signalmen bar654
W: Weaver and the Factory Maid textiles bar470
W: Western Railroad railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside bar473
W: What Did She Know About Railwa railways/impact-of-railways-on-town-and-country/impact-of-railways-on-the-countryside bar474
W: What I Saw in My Dream as I Sl steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar476
W: When George III Was King roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar545
W: When This Old Hat Was New roads-general/impact-of-steam-on-road-transport bar549
W: Why I Joined the A.S.R.S railways/trades-unions-politics bar577
W: Women's Rights in Southville railways/trades-unions-politics bar572
W: Wonderful Effects Of The Leice railways/advent-of-the-railway/first-reactions-to-the-railway bar480
W: Wreck of the Atlantic steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-wreck-of-the-atlantic bar650
W: Wreck of the Comet Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet bar720
W: Wreck of the Comet Steam Boat steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-comet bar482
W: Wreck of the London (bar483) steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london bar483
W: Wreck of the London (bar484) steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london bar484
W: Wreck Of The Manchester Expres railways/accidents-and-disasters/train-crashes bar485
W: Wreck of the Northfleet , The steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar724
W: Wreck of the Northfleet , The steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar486
W: Wreck of the Northfleet or Far steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar487
W: Wreck Of The Northfleet; Or, F steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/the-northfleet bar351
W: Wreck of the Princess Alice steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar488
W: Wreck of the Princess Alice (T steam-ships-and-boats/the-princess-alice-disaster bar627
W: Wreck of the Steamer London steam-ships-and-boats/shipwrecks/loss-of-the-ss-london bar514
W: Wreck Off London Bridge steam-ships-and-boats/river-boats-after-1850 bar584
Y: Young Man on the Railway, The railways/railway-workers/drivers bar491

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