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[Note 153.1] "Hetton Main coal now is won" - Pigot's 1834 Directory of County Durham says..."The population of Hetton some thirteen years ago amounted to about 500 persons, at which period a colliery was commenced by the late Hon. Captain Cochrane, R.N. and Partners, which has so much increased in value in late years, that it is estimated that there are nearly 8,000 persons chiefly dependant upon it. [ref:]

[Note 153.2] "The water is hot":- implies the water in the mine was hot. More research is needed.

glossary :  "But we'll tub her beck without a flaw" :- A tub is a small truck into which the cut coal is filled. It was also used as a verb meaning to transport in tubs; which seems to be the meaning here. No usage of the word "beck" has been found that makes sense in the context of the song. "Flaw" probably means defect.

glossary :  "Hutton's coal it bangs them a'":- Beats them all

[Note 153.3] "Our master Cockrine he comes te" - Probably Hon. Captain Cochrane, R.N. who, with partners, established the mine.

[Note 153.4] "Jowsey he comes swearing in":- Probably a member of the mine-owning Joicey family,_1st_Baron_Joicey

[Note 153.5] "Hopper and Stephenson did say":- Hopper is unidentified. (The north east of England is an area in which the surname Hopper is concentrated). Stephenson is almost certainly George Stephenson (1781-1848). Roy Lambeth, Chairman Durham Mining Museum says that George Stephenson designed and engineered the Hetton Colliery Railway in 1819 and initially provided three new steam locomotives to work there in 1822.

[Note 153.6] "make nae sma'":- Do not hew any small lumps; small coal being of less value.

[Note 153.7] The waggon way and a' is done":- The Hetton colliery railway was opened in 1822 by the Hetton Coal Company at Hetton Lyons, County Durham. It was the first to be designed from the start to be without animal power, and was George Stephenson's first entirely new line. Below "View of the Railway from Hetton Colliery to the Depôt on the banks of the river Wear near Sunderland in the County of Durham, with the Loco-Motive and other engines used on the same."  (c1820 British Library System number 001672374)

[Note 153.8] "The coals are shipping every day":- Pigot's 1834 Directory of County Durham says "The coals are got at a depth of from 150 to 350 yards, and are let down a railway seven miles in length, and shipped on the banks of the River Wear near Sunderland, where the company have extensive wharfs for the shipping and landing goods, and where vessels of large burden can ride in safety". [ref:] Below is part of a 1904 map of Lambton railways showing the course of Hetton Railway  [ref: ttp://]

glossary ;  "Amang them a' they bear the sway":- Bears the sway means overshadows all others; The phrase also occurs in bar624~Steam Coach.

[Note 153.9] "Nesham's colliery and Lord Steward's te":- Nesham is probably John Nesham who owned collieries at Houghton le Spring. Sold to Lord Durham in 1818. Lord Steward is probably Lord Charles Stewart who married Lady Frances Anne Vane Tempest, a coal heiress whose pits were in the Penshaw and Rainton districts of County Durham. The Vane family are also mention in bar422~Stockton Bridge.

[Note 153.10] "Of these few lines which Jowsey pen'd":- implies that a member of the Joswey/Joicey family wrote the song and the use of the French phrase a' la suggests an educated writer. However Jowsey/Joicey is a common name in the North-East ( ) so it may not have been a member of the mine owning family.


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