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Avourneen       my darling, O darling. Irish.

Bailliffs Baillif;    The agent of the lord of a manor, who collects his rents, etc.; the steward of a landholder, who manages his estate; one who superintends the husbandry of a farm for its owner or tenant. [OED]

millia murther:   a thousand murders. Irish

Bad scrant :        Bad scran; bad luck (to). Anglo-Irish [OED]

Peelers:             Policemen: so called because police forces were the brainchild of Sir Robert Peel (Home Secretary 1822-1827). The Constabulary Act of 1822 created four provincial police forces in Ireland, known as the County Constabulary. [Ref:]

Praties:            potatoes

Yankee;         By English writers and speakers commonly applied to a native or inhabitant of the United States generally. By American writers; a nickname for a native or inhabitant of New England, or, more widely, of the northern States [OED]. Yankee Doodle (Roud 4501) is a well-known song dating back to the 18th century.

[Note 056.1]  "Curse the polis and bailiffs ever; For they are they, who drove me away" suggests that the hero had been a poacher. The line "I let down for siven years afore" may be significant in that any criminal with a sentence of 7 years of longer could be transported. After 1828, if three or more persons assembled for the purposes of poaching and if one of them carried an offensive weapon, they were liable to fourteen years' transportation [ref: Brown, Roly.]

[Note 056.2] "The big waves broke our mast of smoke," Early steamers used a mixture of sail and steam power. The funnels were almost as high as the mast as shown in this picture of a transatlantic steamer painted in 1838.

[Note 056.3] "Up went my accounts that very minnit"  Account: Circumstance or outcome that is favourable to one; interest, profit, advantage. Now chiefly in to turn to (good) account [oed]

gloss  "Mother Carey's chickens" are Storm petrels; seabirds that spend most of their time at sea and are rarely seen from land

[Note 056.4] "our poor devoted bark" occurs in the first verse of The Bay of Biscay (Roud 24928) written by Andrew Cherry (1762-1812) an Irish actor and writer. [Ref:] The British Library has a copy of the song which it dates to c1835. [General Reference Collection 11630.f.7.(10.)] so the song may well have been popular soon after.

[Note 056.5] "the waves bet Banaher": the waves were overwhelming. According to the Irish Times July 16th 1931; the popular Irish saying "That beats Banagher and Banagher beats the devil" is derived from a belief that a handful of sand from the grave of Saint Muros O'Heney, in the graveyard attached to Banagher Old Church, is able to overcome all evil - even the devil himself.

[Note 056.6] "hidin' in the great big chimney, like a pickled herring". The peat fires common in Ireland produced a smoke that was conducive to storing fish

[Note 056.7] The Yankees found me like Gul'ver long ago, - In chapter 1 of Gulliver's Travels, Gulliver is found asleep by the Lilliputians who tie him down to the ground.

[Note 056.8] Yankee Doodle (Roud 4501) is a well-known song dating back to the 18th century. 





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