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[Note 021.1] Newcastle and North Shields Railway opened in June 1839.

[Note 021.2] James Archbold 1781- 1849 was Town Councillor at the time of the song. THE NEWCASTLE AND GATESHEAD DIRECTORY, For 1782, 83, and 84. records him has being a slater living in Gallowgate.
http://ota.ox.ac.uk/text/5466.html


[Note 021.3] Darn Crook, Now St Andrews Street. In the 1800s it was an industrial area of tanneries, slaters and other noxious works.
http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/2189661

[Note 021.4] John Dobson (1787 - 1865) is best known for designing Newcastle Central Station and for his work with Richard Grainger developing the centre of Newcastle [i] . He lived in New Bridge Street from 1825 until his death. [ii] 

References:
[i] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Dobson_(architect)
[ii] http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/1672449

[Note 021.5] The Newcastle Journal of 30th November 1839 reported " Allan, who it appears has a wooden arm, and an iron crook at the end of it, struck Mr. Dobson the head twice with great violence, which knocked him down, and when in this position the blows were repeated."

[Note 021.6] The report in the Newcastle Journal conc;udes "The case altogether appears an exceedingly flagrant one. The Railway Company of course paid the fines, and still retain the men in their service, thereby giving countenance to their ferocious conduct on the occasion. We doubt whether the shields Gigsmen so notorious for their lawlessness and brutalitv, ever committed so savage an assault upon a passenger as these policemen committed on Mr. Archbold and Mr. Dobson who are both highly respectable members of society. and are known by their friends and neighbours to be as incapable of ungentlemanly conduct upon any occasion as they are indulging the low, disgusting practice of drunkeness. The Directors would do well to remember, in time to come, that they are amenable to public opinion as well as their servants to the law, and that outrages, su. as we have above recorded, will not permitted to be committed with impunity upon unoffending citizens."

 

[Note 021.9] In early days, Railway police performed many functions and railways employed more of them than any other type of worker. They were very much in the public eye because until signal boxes were introduced, constables were responsible for signalling. A policemen was often the sole person in charge of a small station. At many stations their duties included ticket-collecting.

Taff Vale Railway Policeman PC John Wallbridge c.1850
http://www.headline.org.uk/hw-uploads/images/TVR-Pc-John-Wallbridge.jpg

Lanthorn: A transparent case, e.g. of glass, horn, talc, containing and protecting a light. [OED]

Crowner: coroner - An officer of a county, district, or municipality (formerly also of the royal household), originally charged with maintaining the rights of the private property of the crown; in modern times his chief function is to hold inquest on the bodies of those supposed to have died by violence or accident [OED]

 

 

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