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[Note 030.1] The Birmingham and Liverpool railway opened throughout for traffic on 4th July 1837. The line (which became known as the Grand Junction Railway) was connected to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway at Newton Junction via the existing Warrington and Newton Railway. 4th July, was a Monday. Many worker in the Midlands were in the habit of taking ‘St Monday’ as an unofficial day of rest and recreation.]

[Note 030.2] Of the towns mentioned, Wolverhampton (Hampton) is the furthest distant, some 15 miles away. A round trip of 30 miles (48 kilometers) on foot was not exceptional at the time but it did mean that ordinary people had to give up a day’s wages in order to attend the event.

[Note 030.3] "In London I've heard there is a machine, Invented for making young children by steam" :- This is a common trope. See for example bar075~Daniel O'Connells Steam Engine

[Note 030.4] "Don't you think with the Tories we've a fine chance" Voting in the general election of 1837 began on 24th July three weeks after the opening of the railway. The election was won by the Whigs but Birmingham and its hinterland voted Tory [ref:,_1837]


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