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Click to show on right, Sources for Song below
Bargery Number 081
Printer or Publisher Punch Magazine
Author Milliken, Edwin James (1839-1897)
Earliest Date 1890
Evidence for Earliest Date The accident that inspired the poem happened on 12th July 1890
Latest Date 1890
Evidence for Latest Date Publication date
Roud Not in the Roud Index
First Line Who is in charge of the clattering train
Comments on Song it appeared in Punch, together with the cartoon on the left and prefaced by the following details: Major MARINDIN, in his Report to the Board of Trade on the railway collision at Eastleigh, attributes it to the engine-driver and stoker having 'failed to keep a proper look-out.' His opinion is, that both men were 'asleep, or nearly so,' owing to having been on duty for sixteen hours and a-half. 'He expresses himself in very strong terms on the great danger to the public of working engine-drivers and firemen for too great a number of hours.' Daily Chronicle.
Source Title Death and His Brother Sleep
Origin Poem

Death and His Brother, Sleep



Who is in charge of the clattering train
The axles creak, and the couplings strain.
Ten minutes behind at the Junction. Yes!
And we're twenty now to the bad no less!
We must make it up on our flight to town.
Clatter and crash! 'That's the last train down,
Flashing by with a steamy trail.
Pile on the fuel! We must not fail.
At every mile we a minute must gain!
Who is in charge of the clattering train?
Why flesh and blood as a matter of course!
You may talk of iron and prate of force;
But, after all, and do what you can,
The best - and cheapest - machine is Man! [Note 081.1]
Wealth knows it well, and the hucksters feel
'Tis safer to trust them to sinew than steel.
With a bit of brain, and a conscience, behind,
Muscle works better then steam or wind.
Better and longer and harder all round;
And cheap, so cheap! Men superabound
Men stalwart, vigilant, patient, bold:
The stokehole's heat and the crow's-nest's cold,
The choking dust of the noisesome mine,
The northern blast o'er the beating brine,
With dogged valour they coolly brave;
So on rattling rail, or on wind-scourged wave,
At engine lever, at furnace front,
Or steersman's wheel, they must bear the brunt
Of lonely vigil or lengthened strain.
Man is in charge of the thundering train!

Man, in the shape of a modest chap
In fustian┬╣ trousers and greasy cap;
A trifle stolid, and something gruff,
Yet, though unpolished, of sturdy stuff.
With grave grey eyes, and a knitted brow,
The glare of sun and the gleam of snow
Those eyes have stared on this many a year.
Tho' crows-feet gather in mazes queer
About their corners most apt to choke
With grime of fuel and fume of smoke.
Little to tickle the artist taste -
An oil-can, a fist-full of "cotton waste┬╣",
The lever's click and the furnace gleam,
And the mingled odour of oil and steam;
These are the matters that fill the brain
Of the man in charge of the clattering train.
Only a man, but away at his back,
In a dozen cars, on the steely track,
A hundred passengers place their trust
In this fellow of fustian, grease and dust.
They cheerily chat, or they calmly sleep,
Sure that the driver his watch will keep
On the night-dark track, that he will not fail.
So the thud, thud, thud of wheel on rail
The hiss of steam-spurts athwart the dark,
Lull them to confident drowsiness. Hark!
What is that sound? 'Tis the stertorous breath
Of a slumbering man, - and it smacks of death!
Full sixteen hours of continuous toil
Midst the fume of sulphur, the reek of oil,
Have told their tale on the tired man's brain,
And Death is in charge of the clattering train!

Sleep-- Death's brother, as poets deem,
Stealeth soft to his side; a dream
Of home and rest on his spirit creeps,
That wearied man, as the engine leaps,
Throbbing, swaying along the line;
Those poppy-fingers his head incline
Lower, lower, in slumber's trance;
The shadows fleet, and the gas gleams dark
Faster, faster in mazy flight,
As the engine flashes across the night.
Mortal muscle and human nerve
Cheap to purchase and stout to serve
Strained too fiercely will faint and swerve.
Over weighted and underpaid,
This human tool of exploiting Trade,
Though tougher than leather, tenser than steel.
Fails at last, for his senses reel,
His nerves collapse, and with sleep-sealed eyes,
Prone and helpless a log he lies!
A hundred hearts beat placidly on,
Unwitting they that their warder's gone;
A hundred lips are babbling blithe,
Some seconds hence they in pain may writhe.
For the pace is hot, and the points are near,
And Sleep hath deadened the driver's ear;
And signals flash through the night in vain.
Death is in charge of the clattering train!


3 across Articles in this Category: click a link

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bar382b: Dates ----~1893|

Concerns about long hours worked by signalmen

What I Saw in My Dream as I Slept in My...

bar476: Dates 1873~1873|

Complaint about the times mentioning the loss of the Northfleet and the railway accidents causued by long working hours.

Death and His Brother, Sleep

bar081: Dates 1890~1890|

A driver falls asleep at the controls after working excessive hours - inspired by a real accident.

Just What We'd All Like to See

bar547: Dates 1869~1872|

Complaint about modern times including reference to railway accidents casued by long working hours of staff.

Safety Cord, The

bar066: Dates 1882~1882|

Satirising the ineffectiveness of procedures governing use of emergency cords

Please publish modules in offcanvas position.