Glossary list

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Term Main definition

Field Marshall George Wade (1673-1748)

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Wake: A holiday , especially a period during which factories were closed. [CPB]

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District in the west of Newcastle
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A town 10 miles north west of Birmingham. Famous for saddlery.

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Hurt or ached (N.W.England)

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In weaving. The threads which are extended lengthwise in the loom, usually twisted harder than the weft or woof, with which these threads are crossed to form the web or piece.[OED]

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George Washington (1732-1799) American statesman and soldier who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797

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Watchman: One of a body of men formerly appointed to keep watch and ward in all towns from sunset to sunrise; later, a constable of the watch who, before the Police Act of 1839, patrolled the streets by night to safeguard life and property [OED]

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Synonyms - watchmen¹
Waterfall draperies, that is, draperies with the back breadth of the skirt pleated closely at the top into a narrow section at the back of the waist, the pleats being held together by tapes at the back of the dress.  gloss.waterfall.png accessed 05Sep20

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waterloo porridge

Oatmeal or stale bread with hot water poured over it.
[Wood's Dialect Dictionary]

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The battle of Waterloo (1815).  The decisive battle of the wars between Britain and France (1792-1815) in which the British and their allies were victorious. [CPB]


A person who offers the transport of goods or passengers in a light boat (see wherry¹); (also) person who works on or pilots a boat or barge; a ferryman; a boatman. [OED]

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Synonyms - watermen¹

James Watt (1736–1819) was a Scottish inventor, mechanical engineer, and chemist who improved on Thomas Newcomen's 1712 Newcomen steam engine with his Watt steam engine in 1781

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See  Wedgebury,
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Opinion, belief. (OED)

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weeping heat

The OED gives Weeping as "The exudation or dripping of moisture generally; the flow or discharge of humours from the body" and for "Heat" a high temperature in the body arising from a disordered condition, as in inflammation or fever; inflamed or feverish state". Thus, a weeping heat is a fever with sweating.

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welsh wig

A woollen cap (the one illustrated dates from about 1850)



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Synonyms - welsh wigs

Wesley, John, (1703 –1791)  Founder of the Methodist Church

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A woman who is hired to suckle and nurse another woman's child. [OED]

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