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Macadmised: A type of road construction, developed by John McAdam¹ around 1820, in which single-sized crushed stone layers of small angular stones are placed in shallow lifts and compacted thoroughly. A binding layer of stone dust (crushed stone from the original material) may form; it may also, after rolling, be covered with a binder to keep dust and stones together.


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Synonyms - M'Adamized¹, Mac-Adamizing¹

Machiner: A horse employed to draw a vehicle; a post-horse, coach-horse [OED]

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Synonyms - machiners¹

A bathing machine : a device, popular from the 18th century until the early 20th century, to allow people to change out of their usual clothes, change into swimwear, and wade in the ocean at beaches. Bathing machines were roofed and walled wooden carts rolled into the sea. Some had solid wooden walls, others canvas walls over a wooden frame, and commonly walls at the sides and curtained doors at each end. [i]. The style of machines evolved over the years. Images of various styles can be found as notes to individual songs.



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Raincoats made from rubberised material invented by Charles Mackintosh and first sold in 1829.
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made shift

to make shift is 

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Synonyms - make shift

To confuse, bewilder, muddle. [OED]

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Maiden Queen
Queen Victoria.
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Female domestic servants. Housemaids

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Synonyms - maids¹

Mazed: Stupefied, dazed; insane, crazed; bewildered, confused [OED]

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The Margate Steam Packet Company boat Majestic was built in 1816
[Dix, F Royal river Highway, A history of the passenger boats and services on the river Thames p248]

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make shift

To 'make shift' is to implement an expedient measure

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Synonyms - made shift
A machine for squeezing water from and pressing linen, clothing, etc., after washin. (OED)
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Squeezing water from and pressing linen, clothing, etc., after washing by means of a machine called a mangle. (OED)

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son, young man, boy

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mantle: A loose sleeveless cloak [OED]


Mantles c1855

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An informal movement encouraging technological innovation and the scientific education of the the labouring classes. It reached it peak of influence during the 1820s. [CPB]

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Marriage deeds(1)

A legal agreement drawn up before a marriage by the two parties, setting out terms with respect to rights of property and succession. OED

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Marrow: A companion, a friend; a fellow worker, a partner [OED]

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Synonyms - marrows¹

The god of war of the ancient Romans [OED]

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An upper class person who seeks out entertainment in places catering for the entertainment of the lower classes (e.g. Music Halls)
[Judith Bower, Director, Britannia Panopticon Music Hall, Glasgow in Shopgirls: The True Story of Life behind the Counter. BBC4 Transmitted 20th June2108]

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Synonyms - mashers

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