Glossary list

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Term Main definition

Stock Exchange [CPB]


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A man belonging to the higher order of English gentry, ranking immediately below a knight or A landed proprietor, (country) 'squire'[OED]


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Synonyms - Esquire
a pickle

A difficult situation [CPB]


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a pucker

A state of agitation, excitement, or haste; a fluster, a fuss [OED]


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Government [OED]


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The art of raising and guiding balloons in the air. [OED]
Aerostation. Mr. Sadler's Ascent From Merton Fields, Oxford


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Alderman - the chief officer of a ward in the City of London. A member of the Court of Aldermen and of the City of London Corporation. [OED]


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Synonyms - aldermen¹

Any beer other than lager, stout, or porter; spec. beer brewed by top fermentation [OED]



Aliment: That which nourishes the body of an animal or plant; nutriment; food. Also (as a count noun): a food; a nutritious or edible sub-stance; a nutrient. [OED]


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all my eye

Nonsense, worthless ideas [OED]


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all right¹

The term "all right" used to mean the train is ready to leave occurs in bar045~Brighton Railway and bar332~Railway Guard 


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A feeling of illness or extreme agitation seeming to affect the whole body; the state of feeling generally ill. The OED cites 5 examples from 1792 to 1848. (including bar413) and one in 1887.


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In, or with, full force; with main force, with all one's might; vehemently, violently. [OED]


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Nankeens - Trousers made of nankeen; a kind of pale yellowish cloth, originally made at Nanking (China)  from a yellow variety of cotton, but subsequently manufactured from ordinary cotton which is then dyed; more fully nankeen cloth. [OED]


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Synonyms - nankeens¹
Anti Corn Law League¹

An association formed 1839 to agitate for the repeal of the Corn Laws


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Synonyms - anti corn-law league¹
Anty Clapham
Anthony Clapham A Newcastle soap boiler.


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Apothecary - One who prepared and sold drugs for medicinal purposes. [OED]  The OED suggests that c1800 the word was being replaced by druggist or pharmaceutcal chemist 


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Synonyms - Apothecaries¹

Apollyon, literally "Destroyer;" one of Satan's companion archdemons [i]
"But now, in this Valley of Humiliation, poor Christian was hard put to it; for he had gone but a little way before he espied a foul fiend coming over the field to meet him: his name is Apollyon" [ii]

[ii] John Bunyan The Pilgrims Progress (1678) Chapter 4. Project Gutenberg Website [accessed 27Apr2020]


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'treasure' as a term of endearment (Irish gaelic)
[ accessed 04May20]


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at the bar(1)

in court, in open court or before a tribunal [OED]


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